The Malta Gaming Authority Publishes a White Paper Proposing Major Reforms to Malta’s Gaming Legal Framework. On the 12th of July 2017 Malta Gaming Authority (MGA) has published White Paper proposing reforms to Malta’s Gaming Legal Framework.

Proposal’s main objective

According to article published on Malta Gaming Authority website “the main objective behind this proposal, is to repeal existing legislation and replace it with a singular primary Act of Parliament entitled the Gaming Act, together with subsidiary legislation covering the main areas of regulation as well as a series of directives and guidelines issued by the Malta Gaming Authority as the single regulator of this sector. The proposed regulatory framework shall decrease unnecessary regulatory burdens, strength the supervision of the regulator, propose better consumer protection standards, responsible gaming measures and a risk-based approach. It also establishes objective-orientated standards to encourage innovation and development.

Key highlights included


    Main highlights of the changes envisaged include:

  • “Replacing the current multi-licence system with a system two different types of licences covering different types of activities across multiple distribution channels: Business-to-Consumer (B2C) licence and Business-to-Business (B2B) licence;
  • Moving towards an objective-based rather than excessively prescriptive regulatory approach, to allow for innovation whilst ensuring that the regulatory objectives are attained;
  • Broadening the regulatory scope to increase MGA oversight and allow for intervention where necessary and in a proportionate manner;
  • Widening the MGA’s powers under the compliance and enforcement functions to better achieve the regulatory objectives, in line with concurrent developments on anti-money laundering and funding of terrorism obligations;
  • Segmenting the Key Official role into various key functions within a licensed activity, requiring approval, for direct scrutiny and targeted supervisory controls, thereby raising the bar for persons of responsibility within a gaming operation;
  • Strengthening the player protection framework by formalising the mediatory role of the MGA’s Player Support Unit, enshrining segregation of player funds at law and moving towards a unified self-exclusion database across both remote and land-based delivery channels;
  • Introducing new and more effective processes for criminal and administrative justice, including the allocation of appeals from decisions of the Authority to the Administrative Review Tribunal and the introduction of a distinction between administrative and criminal offences;
  • Introducing the concept of administration to protect an operation in distress and, if necessary, to assist the winding down of an operation, thereby protecting jobs and player funds;
  • Moving towards automated reporting, facilitating adherence to regulatory obligations and strengthening the Authority’s oversight;
  • Bolstering the Authority’s role in the fight against manipulation of sports competitions by introducing new obligations on operators to monitor sports betting and report suspicious bets, in line with the efforts being made by the National Anti-Corruption Task Force in which the Authority also participates actively;
  • Streamlining taxation into one flow with two main layers;
  • Exempting B2B licensees from gaming tax, thus increasing Malta’s competitiveness as a hub for these services providers.”


The Double Tax Treaty (DDT) between The Republic of Cyprus and the Kingdom of Bahrain entered into force in January 2017. The DTT is based on the OECD Model Convention for the Avoidance of Double Taxation on Income and Capital with the aim to help attract foreign direct investment to Cyprus.


Cyprus as an attractive location for foreign Investment

The aim of the agreement was to enhance and increase the trading aspect and attract foreign investment for Cyprus to be promoted as an international business center which will provide further growth.

Cyprus and Brahrain Taxes

Cyprus taxes include:

  • Income tax.
  • Corporate Income Tax.
  • Special contribution of defence.
  • Capital Gain Tax.

Bahrain tax includes:

  • The Tax Oil Tax.


Provisions of the Treaty

The important provisions of the treaty are:

  • No withholding taxes on payments of dividends.
  • No withholding taxes on payment of interest.
  • No withholding taxes on payment of royalties.
  • For capital gain tax, the profits will be taxed in the country that the property is situated.
  • If a project is concluded in more than 12 months (a project being a building site/ construction/ installation of a project or any other related project) then this will be considered as a permanent establishment.
  • Business profits will be taxable in the country that the Company resides.



Chloe Ralli
General Manager
Tel: + 357 2200 7940

On 13th April 2017, the Parliament of Ukraine approved the Convention and Protocol between Ukraine and Malta on “Avoidance of Double taxation and the Prevention of Fiscal Evasion with respect to Taxes on Income”, signed in Kyiv on 4th September 2013.

The Convention provides the following rates of taxation in line with the OECD Model Tax Convention:

  • Dividends – 15% or 5%: reduced tax rate applies if the dividend recipient owns at least 20% of the capital of the dividend paying company
  • Interest and Royalties – 10%

The President of Ukraine shall be signing the Convention and Protocol, whilst enforcement shall enter into force after a mutual notifications by both states.


Contact us

Amy Fenech Zarb
Senior Corporate Administrator

+356 2010 4000


Swiss Citizens are being asked in a national referendum next Sunday to approve reforms that would eliminate selective tax deals and introduce unified low rates for all companies.


Whom do the reforms apply to?

Under the proposed reforms international and domestic companies would pay the same rates. Supporters of the reforms point out that while multinational companies will face slightly higher tax rates, for ordinary companies tax will be much lower. That could stimulate investment and job creation.
Read more

Slovakia will introduce new corporate form in 2017 which will be a very attractive investment vehicle that will introduce the most modern legal framework in the EU.

Simple joint-stock company and its advantages

This new form is called ‘simple (or simplified) joint-stock company’ (in Slovak: jednoduchá spoločnosť na akcie) (”Investment Company“), and will introduce modern legal framework. The vehicle shall be the best for venture capital deals and for PE investments involving less than 100% equity (both minority and majority buyouts).


  • All internal relations between shareholders, stakeholders and business owners can be set with unparalleled freedom
  • Company’s shares are free to issue in various classes, entitling to a wide range of rights.
  • No explicit limitations on rights that can be attached to shares in the Investment Company
  • Shareholders can create various shareholder classes that reflect their position or time when they entered the Company
  • Possible to issue “employee shares” which can prove to be very efficient for employee motivation and reward
  • Acknowledgement and use of standard investor tools: drag-along, tag-along and deadlock mechanism (shoot-out)
  • The rights can be agreed in shareholders’ agreement and will have a strong legal protection (the rights can be registered in a public register giving no space for non-compliance)





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